24 August 2018
Nation-building and state formation in the Arctic and Greenland - Master level
The Artic is undergoing huge changes both as experienced internally by citizens and authorities and as viewed from the outside from geopolitcal, economic and physical perspectives. From being known as a ‘frozen desert’ for centuries, during the lastest decades the Arctic is becoming a new ocean as climate changes continue and is attracting interests from actors in the states around the Arctic Ocean, in Europe, in Asia and beyond.
The seminar will discuss concepts and theories of nation building and state formation from a critical perspectives focusing on concepts as colonialism, autonomy, sovereignty, security, governance, independence etc. and establish the relevance of nation building and state formation theories in communities around the Arctic with a focus on Greenland.
These concepts and theories will be applied to developments in contemporary Greenland where processes of nation building and state formation are urging issues in the national as well as international discourses on the Arctic and Greenland.
Analyses and debates are on both conceptual contestations and theoretical explanations as well as disagreement about empirical developments. Greenland is a self-governing territory within the realm of Denmark. It was a Danish colony from 1721 to 1953. After the formal decolonization process in the wake of World War II, Greenland experienced some degree of devolution of powers from Denmark but also, and somewhat paradoxically, a growing Danish presence in Greenland and a Danification of private businesses and public services. This generated protests and gave birth to a national independence movement that resulted in the introduction of Home Rule in 1979. This process of Greenlandification developed further, and in 2009 an Act on Self-Government was adopted. In the present situation, Greenland as a self-governing territory within the realm of Denmark enjoys to a large degree of autonomy in domestic matters, but does not retain decision-making power on questions pertaining to citizenship, monetary, foreign, defense and security policy.
This intricate development makes it a hard case to apply nation building and state formation theories to the case of Greenland. The seminar will try to do this by including the size of territory and population, the double status of the population as an indigenous people and a nation, language and ethnicity, the economic situation and foreign direct investment, and not least, the Greenland-Denmark relations.
Knowledge: The course objective is to enable students to demonstrate knowledge of the main strands of the scientific literature, reports and white papers within political theory, comparative politics and international relations
Skills: The course objective is to enable students to apply theories and analyse one or more cases comparing single aspect or/and asses the interactions of several aspects, and be able to make informed, analytical evaluations of the developments, present situation or/and future perspectives.
Competences: The course objective is to enable students to fulfil academic functions in public and private enterprises, and adequately handle these in national and international contexts, and successfully to continue their education at the postgraduate level.
DKK 2300: EU/EEA citizens
EUR 1700: Non-EU/EEA citizens